Guidance on implementing a Mass Dog Vaccination programme for rabies control

Mass dog vaccinations (MDV) are the only effective and humane way to controls rabies. Read World Animal Protection’s guidelines on how to implement MDV programmes in a safe and humane way.

These guides provide clear instructions for each component of a MDV programme including preparation of resources and personnel, what to do on vaccination day, and how to successfully monitor and evaluate vaccination coverage. Used together they can help develop a safe and effective strategy plan to create a mass dog vaccination programme, whilst ensuring good animal welfare is maintained throughout.  

Guidelines for mass dog vaccination: 

  1. Introduction
  2. Preparation for vaccination
  3. Education and messaging
  4. Dog capture and handling
  5. Vaccine storage, transport and management
  6. Vaccination day
  7. Post-vaccination survey: Estimating vaccination coverage
  8. Rapid response to rabid and suspected rabid dog alerts
  9. Euthanasia of rabid or suspect rabid dogs

A selection of data collection and reporting sheets[1] are also available to enable efficient monitoring of MDV programmes:  

  1. Rabies vaccination worksheet
  2. Rabies vaccination summary report
  3. Rabies post-vaccination survey worksheet
  4. Rabies post-vaccination survey summary
  5. Rabies rapid response and sample form  

Mass dog vaccination programmes are most effective when dog population measures are in place. Additionally, formal education and public awareness campaign are vital to increase people’s knowledge, and consequently their behaviour and attitude towards dogs and rabies control.  World Animal Protection have produced guidelines on both these topic areas which can augment MDV programmes, which can be found in our related resources.

[1] Courtesy of the Ministry of Agriculture, Republic of Indonesia and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)